When first being introduced to the general issues of abortion, several questions may pop up. Is the unborn child, in fact, a human being, and can it actually feel pain? Should aborting this unborn child be considered murder? Should abortion, no matter what the case, be made illegal? Or, on the contrary, should abortion be given easier access to people?
The answers to these questions vary depending on who you ask. For example, many pro-abortionists will tell you that the fetus is not a human being, and aborting it would be completely moral; however, on the contrary, many anti-abortionists will tell you that the unborn child is, in fact, very alive and human, similar to you and I, and aborting it would be the same as murdering a full-grown human being. They may also use different vocabularies (such as unborn child and fetus) to get their points across to the listener.
The following statements are an attempt to show you, the reader, the general arguments involving abortion, as well as attempting to help you better understand how people generally feel on the subject of abortion when taking a particular perspective on the matter. Please keep in mind that, although two people may share the same opinion on the general issue of abortion (therefore, for or against), their beliefs on specific issues of abortion (such as the social status of the fetus) may differ.
Is the unborn child / fetus a human being?
The unborn child growing in the womb of a woman is indeed a human being. The cells it contains while it gestates are the same cells that live and grow throughout a human organism. Therefore, by definition, the unborn child is a human being. Also, if the fetus is left to grow, it will become a human being. Thus, it would be entirely logical to assume the fetus is an actual human being. Taking a sample of the unborn child’s DNA would only prove further that its cells are that of a human being’s.
The fetus that is gestating inside the woman’s womb cannot be considered human. It cannot yet experience what the average human being experiences in the world outside its mother's womb, nor is it physically independent of the mother. On the contrary, other human beings can live and interact with other human beings and be physically independent. Therefore, since it is not yet viable to life on the world outside the womb, it cannot yet be considered human.
Is the unborn child / fetus a person?
The unborn child is a human being. Upon conception, the child is automatically considered a human being; giving it a DNA test proves this. However, it also becomes a person at this moment in time, as it is a living creature. The only difference between it, the unborn child, and us, the people, is that it was not yet been exposed to the outside world. Many claim that this is what makes it not yet human, which is completely ridiculous.
The fetus is definitely not a person. This can be seen when contrasting the differences between our capabilities as physically independent people, and the fetus' capabilities. A physically independent person can feel the pain of an injury, whereas this fact is unknown when considering the fetus. A physically independent person can express and feel love, whereas this fact is also unknown when considering a fetus. And a physically independent person can think and has a mind of its own, whereas this fact is, yet again, unknown when considering a fetus. Therefore, since these facts are unknown, how can one consider it a person if it cannot feel what a person feels?
Should abortion be considered murder?
For Argument (Secular):
Yes, abortion should be considered murder for the sole reason that the fetus is a living creature and a human being. Likewise, murder is defined as the "unlawful killing of one human by another"; therefore, by definition, abortion is murder. Aside from that, we, as humans, do not have the right to take the life away from another living being. Because the child is alive, we cannot take its life away by performing the act of abortion.
For Argument (Christian):
God has chosen to love all his living creations, whether they are in the form of a full-grown human being, a pre-pubescent child, or in the form of an unborn child. Therefore, since the unborn child is alive, killing it would be taking on the role of God in that particular situation, a role that should be played by Him and Him alone. Therefore, abortion is completely immoral by Christian standards.
No, abortion should not be considered murder. The reason for this is because the woman who is holding the fetus in her womb is not obliged to keep it there, as a woman should and must have complete control over her body, and therefore over aborting the child who is dependent on her body for sustenance. Similarly, the fetus is dependent on the woman, and the woman is not dependent on the fetus. Therefore, it is only logical that the woman be given her right to abort the fetus. It can also be asked, "Is the woman morally obliged to keep the child?" Well, no. Should the fetus be a nuisance to her health, life, or future, of course it should be moral to abort it.
Should abortion be made easier to access, or should it be more restricted?
"Easier Access" Argument:
Abortion should be made easier to access, the reason being that it is not immoral. As long as the woman is comfortable with aborting the fetus, she should be given the opportunity to have it aborted. If these abortion facilities are not made widely available, it would lead desperate women who need the abortion due to health reasons to resort to illegal methods of obtaining one, which are extremely dangerous. Therefore, making abortion treatment widely available and easier to access would only be the logical thing to do. Also, there would be the obvious problem that, assuming abortion is made illegal, the number of illegal abortions performed would rise. And the major concern here would be that, should an unskilled person perform the illegal abortion, the results may be fatal to the woman receiving it.
Abortion should become more restrictive and harder to gain access to, simply for the fact that they are being overly used, and therefore taken advantage of. After the Roe v. Wade case, abortions were made easy to get, and so a large amount of abortions ensued. Therefore, abortion can be seen as a method of birth control over abstinence, and making it easier to access would eventually reduce our population substantially as the people reduce the number of children they have, as well as neglecting the responsibilities of a parent.